Monthly Archive: January 2021

The Chemical Names of Water

All life is dependent on water to survive, making it a necessity to both humans, plants and animals. The world is covered by more water than land because of the different large water bodies like seas, oceans, lakes and rivers. There is water vapor in the air too which is water that has evaporated causing the differences in humidity in different places. Water is in fact a chemical composed of oxygen and hydrogen. These two chemical elements give its chemical name H2O meaning that it’s composed of two hydrogen atoms and one oxygen atom.

Water is known as a solvent

Water is known as a solvent because of its ability to mix in numerous chemicals apart from a few like oil. It is the most abundant chemical given that blood is up to 90% water making it a fundamental requirement for sustenance of life. This chemical substance can exist in nature as solid, gas, or in its liquid state. Using the rules set by IUPAC, water has been given a number of scientific names according to the number of hydrogen plus oxygen atoms that it is composed of. It’s commonly referred to as Hydrogen monoxide, but others use dihydrogen oxide, hydrogen hydroxide, dihydrogen monoxide, or hydric acid to refer to water. However, H20 is commonly used by scientists to refer to this substance.

The Chemical Names of Water

The reason why water is called H2O is that their electrons are joined through covalent bonding. IUPAC is responsible for setting standards for chemical terms. There are numerous chemicals, and with the advancement in research, new chemicals are being discovered. IUPAC gives scientists and researchers a universal language that breaks through barriers in language. The official name of water is H2O, but people can use scientific terms to come up with new names entirely.

There are pranks that individuals have come up with that have been going on for years regarding the chemical nature of water. They prank people who have little knowledge in chemical nomenclature that hydric acid which is water has harmful effects to human life and that it should be labeled a banned substance due to its corrosive nature. These pranks list the harmful effects of water including that it causes DNA mutations in human beings, while others argue that cancer cells have something to do with it. This reasoning is called the Dihydrogen Monoxide hoax, otherwise known as DHMO. Playing pranks is easy for people who have a thorough grasp of chemical nomenclature, making them panic just for a good laugh.

As much as water sustains life, people must take care to use clean and treated water because untreated water contains harmful substances. Water treatment is a long process entirely that has to be done before supply to households and industries is made. Agriculture is also important, but it can only be successful when water is available to each crop. It is imperative to have water for use in cooking, washing, cleaning, drinking, and so much as part of our daily lives. In short, human beings, animals and plants cannot survive without this chemical substance.

Why Water Is Colorless, Odorless and Tasteless

Water forms the greatest part of the earth’s surface, it is integral to human life. It performs many functions including cooking, drinking, washing, irrigation. Human beings rely on water to keep clean and maintain hygiene, they can survive without food, but cannot last for more than 5 days without water. Plants depend on water to grow, those that lack or produce low yield crops. Two gasses make up water, 2 hydrogen ions and one oxygen ion, written as H2O the chemical way. Water has 3 major characteristics: odorless, colorless and tasteless. Tasting water is hard because of the presence of few ions that cannot be combined with proteins to be tasted.

The tongue contains taste buds that taste like any type of material eaten, and they combine with proteins to form compounds that can be sensed by the sensory cells. While drinking water, our saliva mixes with it making it difficult for taste receptors to determine its actual taste whether bitter or sweet. Despite this fact, human beings enjoy drinking pure water to quench their thirst and provide smooth skin. You can distinguish salty water from distilled by drinking, however, you can’t determine the type of taste.

Smelling water is not easy because

Pure water is pale blue because of its ability to absorb longer wavelengths, leaving shorter wavelengths of pale blue. Objects gain color from leaving the wavelength to absorb other wavelengths. The pale blue color cannot be seen because absorption didn’t take place. Water is colorless for its inability to reflect light, there is no color reflected hence water obtains colorless nature.

Smelling water is not easy because water is made up of two gasses present in the air. Your receptors are purely made of mucus, so you cannot smell nor taste water. There has never been a need to smell water, the sensory organ senses the smell of polluted water. Odorless means no smell, you cannot depict whether the smell is good or bad. When poured over a plant or soil, you can sense the taste of that soil. Animals like a goat do produce a bad odor when rained upon, a similar case applies to a hen.

Why Water Is Colorless, Odorless and Tasteless

The human body contains a higher percentage of water compared to blood to regulate body temperature. When admitted, you are put on a drip to increase your water level for water that carries oxygen and nutrients to the cell. It is recommended to drink 8 glasses of water per day to enable the body to function well. Water occupies 71 percent of the earth’s surface, and the gaseous state gives it 3 features. The ions present prevent taste buds from forming compounds with proteins present in the tongue. This ensures water has no taste, you can’t depict which taste water produces.

Its colorless nature has been argued by scientists, most state that water is pale blue. The wavelength absorbed is not retained, but the one left gives an object its color. Water is colorless, odorless and tasteless due to natural factors that are inevitable, for example preventing light from being refracted back, giving taste buds supplements to combine with proteins for effective tasting.

Water is Everywhere, But not Everywhere has water

There are basically four elements that make up the entire planet; earth, air, water and fire. Among these, water is the most abundant; it is present as rivers, lakes, and oceans globally. Research has shown that about 70% of the earth is covered with water, in addition to those packs of ice that are located far north. But the idea of water as a river or sea is limited, water can exist in more than a single form, and each should not be used to encompass the other. Other ways that water exists are as a gas, and as components of systems, whether living or otherwise. Water has been shown to be in the air we breathe, where it exists as moisture too.

Philosophically, those ideas about everything being

Philosophically, those ideas about everything being made of water began many years ago, during the era of Greek Philosophy. Records of a postulation by the man who is now referred to as ‘the father of natural science’, holds that the entire essence of life is composed of water. The reason backing this idea was a fact that when water is left alone it exists as a liquid, if water gets boiled, vapor is formed, and if cooled a solid is produced. The ability of water to exist in three major forms that anything can exist promoted the idea that everything is made up of water.

Water is Everywhere, But not Everywhere has water

Physically, we live in a world abundant of water, it is part of rocks, plants, air, and even the soil has moisture attached to it. Similarly, science has shown that the cells of all living things have water within them, which is necessary for survival even at that level. If the human cells are deprived of water, they shrink and die off, the same would happen to plants, including a number of micro-organisms. Therefore, if living depends on water, it would mean all things are made from it. But this theory is not true in its entirety, there are things that don’t have water in them.

Things like molten magma, which is more like liquid rock doesn’t have any water in it, fact is that any water around it would vaporize. There are other solidified rocks which don’t have water either, in addition to mercury, gasoline, ammonia, plastics and more. Evidence shows that when these items pass through the fire, you’ll clearly observe that there was no release of water vapor. Water is indeed abundant in nature, found virtually everywhere, but not everywhere.