Leaves will generally float on water due to their structural formation. They are made of living cells and air spaces that they use for capturing air from the atmosphere. Trees are known to fuel photosynthesis, a process that replenishes the earth’s atmosphere with oxygen. Oxygen is required by all living organisms to survive, without which the ecosystem is likely to be wiped out. Trees through the leaves play an essential role in keeping the ecosystem intact by replacing the used oxygen. It takes in CO2 and gives out O2 through a complex photosynthetic process. Leaves play a central role in keeping life on earth balanced and are the spark that binds all organisms together by providing the all-important gas.
Leaf anatomy consists of layers of specialized cells whose function helps trapping CO2 from the atmosphere. The mesophyll layers being spongy, are infused with the gases carbon dioxide and O2. These gases infused into the leaves cause them to float on water. On draining gases from the spaces, leaves will no longer float since they become denser than water. The concept behind this mechanism in causing various items to float is not new. Think of floaters used by swimmers to float on water; they are usually filled with air.
When objects sink, they prove that they are denser than the water, a concept that is being used with different processes. There are so many inventions being used today that have adopted the same concept. Air balloons, planetary balloons, super-pressure balloons, zero-pressure balloons, and several others use this same technology to perform great climbing works using balloons. Objects with tightly packed molecules are denser than those with loosely hanging molecules. Why objects filled with air tend to be less dense can be explained by its scientific formation. Air occupies just 1/10% of its volume.
If a container’s volume is 150 cubic metres, air will only occupy 15 cubic metres while the remaining volume will be a vacuum. When you clap your hands, a sharp sound will be produced, caused by squashed air particles trapped in between your palms. Therefore, the air is a sparsely packed object, so it is used in floating effects in several industries and social settings. Plants use carbohydrate molecules manufactured by photosynthesis to grow and replenish themselves. By taking solar energy and converting it by photosynthesis, plants can produce carbonated particles needed for growth.
Carbon dioxide is used in this process to break it down, remove the CO2 and release the oxygen into the airspace. Plants also convert CO2 into organic chemicals that can be used by plants to grow. These organic compounds are more environmentally healthy than any other energy source because they never contain harsh chemicals as fossils do. Leaves are often known as sinks, similar to heat sinks that absorb excessive heat from ICs in electronic products. The process by which leaves consume CO2 from the atmosphere, break it down to form other useful compounds, helps relieve the air of CO2. CO2 also forms the organic carbon in the oceans to assist marine life.
Every part of this complex ecosystem depends upon each other for survival, making all animal and plant life to become interdependent. As leaves perform these conversions from carbon dioxide to carbonated particles, it balances all gases to render all organisms cohabit. The air spaces found on leaves carry out those trappings of gases by absorbing solar energy and photosynthesizing those compounds from the carbon dioxide gas. After breaking the air molecules, it retains the molecules as an energy source for growth and releases oxygen back to the atmosphere. The air density is far lower due to its sparseness, and that is why leaves can easily float when on water.
Floating is due to those air spaces that trap gases from the airspace to cause the leaves to be less dense. Being less dense, they can float on water because it is denser. Air volume is not compact, allowing a small volume to occupy a large surface area to decrease its weight against other objects such as water. Photosynthesis plays an all-important role in the whole process, an act that keeps the whole ecosystem in tandem for smooth coexistence.