All life is dependent on water to survive, making it a necessity to both humans, plants and animals. The world is covered by more water than land because of the different large water bodies like seas, oceans, lakes and rivers. There is water vapor in the air too which is water that has evaporated causing the differences in humidity in different places. Water is in fact a chemical composed of oxygen and hydrogen. These two chemical elements give its chemical name H2O meaning that it’s composed of two hydrogen atoms and one oxygen atom.
Water is known as a solvent because of its ability to mix in numerous chemicals apart from a few like oil. It is the most abundant chemical given that blood is up to 90% water making it a fundamental requirement for sustenance of life. This chemical substance can exist in nature as solid, gas, or in its liquid state. Using the rules set by IUPAC, water has been given a number of scientific names according to the number of hydrogen plus oxygen atoms that it is composed of. It’s commonly referred to as Hydrogen monoxide, but others use dihydrogen oxide, hydrogen hydroxide, dihydrogen monoxide, or hydric acid to refer to water. However, H20 is commonly used by scientists to refer to this substance.
The reason why water is called H2O is that their electrons are joined through covalent bonding. IUPAC is responsible for setting standards for chemical terms. There are numerous chemicals, and with the advancement in research, new chemicals are being discovered. IUPAC gives scientists and researchers a universal language that breaks through barriers in language. The official name of water is H2O, but people can use scientific terms to come up with new names entirely.
There are pranks that individuals have come up with that have been going on for years regarding the chemical nature of water. They prank people who have little knowledge in chemical nomenclature that hydric acid which is water has harmful effects to human life and that it should be labeled a banned substance due to its corrosive nature. These pranks list the harmful effects of water including that it causes DNA mutations in human beings, while others argue that cancer cells have something to do with it. This reasoning is called the Dihydrogen Monoxide hoax, otherwise known as DHMO. Playing pranks is easy for people who have a thorough grasp of chemical nomenclature, making them panic just for a good laugh.
As much as water sustains life, people must take care to use clean and treated water because untreated water contains harmful substances. Water treatment is a long process entirely that has to be done before supply to households and industries is made. Agriculture is also important, but it can only be successful when water is available to each crop. It is imperative to have water for use in cooking, washing, cleaning, drinking, and so much as part of our daily lives. In short, human beings, animals and plants cannot survive without this chemical substance.